Annual Report 2019


The ongoing transformation of the global energy sector is opening possibilities for many developing countries to reach their energy access and service delivery goals in a lower cost, more sustainable manner, while combating climate change. 

New technologies, and new ways of using existing technologies such as geospatial data systems, smart grids, and smart meters are helping to develop resilient energy infrastructure and operate it more efficiently. These developments, combined with major cost reductions in renewable energy and storage solutions are presenting a strong prospect of a complete re-orientation of the energy sector towards a more decentralized, decarbonized and digitalized path. 

The World Bank Group (WBG) and ESMAP are at the frontier of this transformation, helping developing countries to take advantage of technological, financial and policy innovations and implement approaches that best suit their needs to address energy poverty in an equitable way. Through World Bank country programs, ESMAP is supporting energy sector reforms that maximize finance for development.


Leveraging financing

$ 11.6  billion
World Bank development financing informed
$ 3.7  billion
external financing mobilized, including private sector

Reaching people

13.5  million
people expected to be provided with access to electricity
24.2  million
beneficiaries expected to be reached

Fighting climate change

metric tons of CO2 emissions expected to be reduced
renewable energy expected to be installed
4.36 E..
megawatt hours
projected lifetime energy and fuel saving
* The Impact Indicators are expected results of: (a) WB lending operations approved in FY19 informed by active/existing ESMAP activities; and (b) active/existing WB lending operations informed by ESMAP activities which were approved in FY19. The expected results are based on these lending operations which are to be implemented primarily by WBG client country governments and other public sector entities. For IFC and MIGA, private sector entities are the implementing partners.
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Results Stories

Benchmarking and Guiding Efforts through Knowledge

Through its global knowledge work, ESMAP leads the way in energy data, benchmarking progress toward SDG7 and raising awareness on challenges and opportunities. Key global reports and knowledge products launched in FY2019 include:
Tracking SDG7: The Energy  Progress Report 2019
A global dashboard to register progress on energy access, energy efficiency and renewable energy, and assess how far the world has come in achieving the SDG7 targets by 2030. The 2019 report shows that the global electrification rate reached 89% with the number of people without electricity access dropping to approximately 840 million, down from 1 billion in 2016 and 1.2 billion in 2010. However, under current policies, an estimated 8% of global population will not have access to electricity in 2030, 90% of them in sub-Saharan Africa. Access to clean cooking continues to lag the furthest behind.
Myanmar: Multi-tier Framework for Energy Access (MTF)
About 70 percent of households in Myanmar have access to Tier 1+ services. Particularly, off-grid energy solutions substantially supplement national grid in Myanmar. Almost half (48 percent) of rely on off-grid energy solutions such as standalone solar system or mini-gird.
Sao Tome and Principe (STP): Multi-tier Framework for Energy Access (MTF) 
Around 70 percent of households in STP are connected to the national grid and among them, more than a quarter (27.5 percent) are in Tier 5. Improvements in electricity reliability, availability and quality could shift nearly two-thirds (63.9 percent) of the grid-connected households to higher Tiers (4-5)
Zambia: Multi-tier Framework for Energy Access (MTF) 
About 40 percent of households in Zambia are in Tier 1 or above for electricity access. Less than 5 percent of households use off-grid energy solutions as a primary source of electricity. In terms of access to clean cooking solutions, most households are in Tiers 0 and 1 as they still use open fire or traditional biomass stove.
POLICY MATTERS: Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE) 2018
RISE 2018 charts global progress on sustainable energy policies and shows that policies matter – they are a leading indicator and building block of the world’s transition to sustainable energy. The report finds that the world has seen a huge uptake in sustainable energy policies. However, progress is still far from where it needs to be for the world to reach global climate goals and the Sustainable Development Goal on Energy (SDG7).
Mini Grids for Half a Billion People: Market Outlook and Handbook for Decision Makers
A first-of-a-kind report launched in 2019 that gives the global energy community a rundown of the state of the market for mini grids. It shows that mini grids can provide electricity to approximately half a billion people in a cost-effective way while promoting productive uses of electricity. It also outlines the five market drivers to take mini grids to scale such as, adopting a portfolio approach to mini grid deployment; increasing uptime and the average load factor; creating enabling business environments; leveraging development financing to crowd in private-sector finance; and reducing the cost of solar-hybrid mini grids.
Where Sun Meets Water: Benefits and Challenges of Floating Solar
This new ESMAP report presents an overview of floating solar technologies, market opportunities, deployment challenges, policy and regulatory considerations, costs, and project structuring. The report finds that floating solar is an attractive option for countries with high population density and competing uses for available land. Large plants are currently being installed or in China, India and Southeast Asia but over 35 countries globally have plants under development or construction. ESMAP sees potential for this technology also beyond Asia to boost performance of underperforming hydropower plants or in joint hybrid operations of hydropower and solar plants. 
Electric Mobility and Development
Electric mobility is fundamentally changing the traditional interaction between technology, market dynamics, production capacity, government policy, supply chains, manufacturing, and complex political economy. Investing in technologies, modernizing power grids to accommodate more renewable energy, and putting in place the right policies are critical to scale up the uptake of eMobility. This report aims to help governments design and implement electric mobility programs that are effective at achieving their intended development aims across climate, economic, fiscal, technical, institutional, and policy dimensions.
"Improved Cook Stoves are improving health and quality of life especially for women and children by drastically reducing air pollution and costs. “My firewood usage has gone down so much. I used to buy firewood once in every two months, now I buy fuelwood once every five months. This has helped us save money."
Ms. Shefali Ghosh from Savar Village on the outskirts of Dhaka 
Photo credit: Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL)


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